The risk of emotional and behavioral disturbances among children

Research has estimated that the risk of emotional and behavioral disturbances among children with intellectual disabilities is approximately three to five times greater than among typically developing children (Enfold, Ellis, & Emerson, 2011).

How might intellectual disabilities affect a child’s sense of self-worth and perception of competency as they enter adolescence and young adulthood? What effects might this have on functioning in school, relationships, work, and family?

What are five factors can lead to intellectual and developmental disabilities?
These factors include genetics; parental health and behaviors (such as smoking and drinking) during pregnancy; complications during birth; infections the mother might have during pregnancy or the baby might have very early in life; and exposure of the mother or child to high levels of environmental toxins, such as lead …
When using the DSM-5 What is the level of severity of intellectual disability based on?
The severity of ID is defined by the level of adaptive impairment and the level of support needed. The American Psychiatric Association’s DSM-5 categorizes adaptive impairment from mild to profound. The AAIDD uses categories of intermittent, limited, extensive, and pervasive.

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