A nursing practice problem in a diagnosis

A nursing practice problem in a diagnosis, mainly dealing with how patients react or respond to underlying healthcare problems (NANDA International, n.d). These problems are usually identified when nurses are conducting their assessments concerning conditions patients are suffering from. A nursing problem is mainly concerned with patient needs, from when they seek medical attention to when they leave the hospital. Here, the nurse collects data about the patient, like their health history and the objective data. An example of such a problem is when a patient visits a hospital, and they are diagnosed with cancer. It will be necessary to conduct a physical examination on them to determine the pathophysiology of the disease.

On the other hand, a medical practice problem deals with research on the actual disease. A medical problem will often define the disease process (Nanda International, n.d). Issues like the disease’s epidemiology and how it affects the body can be researched in this area. For example, when a patient visits the hospital, they may be diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetes is the medical problem, whereas showing signs of fatigue, sweating, or increased temperatures shows the patient’s response to the condition, hence a nursing practice problem.

A PICOT question must always be based on the nursing practice problem because it focuses on the patient (Duke University, 2020). An excellent clinical problem should always look into the patient’s needs, as patient needs are at the core of the healthcare sector. This will make the research process much easier and more objective. Using the PICOT approach in defining medical problems gives room for a well-organized clinical question, with practical strategies to manipulate through the item.

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