Infections and Immunization & Vaccination

Summarize the Infections and Immunization & Vaccination in terms of etiology, pathogenesis, clinical picture, diagnosis, and treatment rationale.

The 5 General Topics of Disease Summary
1. Etiology & risk factors
2. Pathogenesis: The molecular mechanism of the disease process (How the disease process evolves)
3. Clinical Picture: Signs& Symptoms, Sequelae, and Complications
4. Diagnosis: Labs & tests (as well as screening tests and follow-up tests whenever applicable)
5. Pathophysiologic rationale of treatment

This summary should cover the following two topics:

  1. Infections: General introduction to infections
  2. Immunization & Vaccination.


Infections: Talk about the following IN GENERAL:

  • Etiology: different causes of infections (Bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic) giving examples of each
  • Pathogenesis: The steps of any infection (Colonization, invasion…..etc. Please check your Textbook)
  • Clinical Picture: Incubation, prodrome, actual signs and symptoms, recovery.
  • Diagnosis: CBC & Differential (How this can help differentiate bacterial, from viral, fungal or parasitic infections).
  • The pathophysiologic rationale of treatment: Antimicrobials (Antibiotics for bacterial infections, an antiviral for viral infections, ……etc)


Immunization & Vaccination:

  • The 4 types of immunity: 1. Natural Passive Immunity. Natural Active Immunity.

3. Artificial Passive Immunity.            4. Artificial Active Immunity

– Differences between immunization & vaccination. Indications (prophylaxis and post-exposure



This is the textbook for information:

McCance, K.L., Huether, S. E. (2018) Pathophysiology: The Biological Basis for Disease in Adults and Children. (8th Ed) St. Louis, MO. Elsevier Mosby ISBN-13: 978-0323583473 ISBN-10: 9780323583473

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