Reasonable expectation of privacy

A reasonable expectation of privacy does not exist in which of the following situations? A person’s DNA found on a victim A person’s DNA left behind in their home. A person’s DNA stored in a hospital. A person’s DNA found on his or her body

Which of the following should an officer not do when the media is present at a crime scene?

  1. Give the media your name and badge number
  2. State that you will come back and make a statement after you have seen the crime scene
  3. Include a number of untruthful facts intended to confuse the suspect with regard to the investigation
  4. Tell the media the basic information regarding what has occurred without too many details

If called upon to submit wet physical evidence for forensic evaluation, it needs to remain wet and stored in metal storage containers.

  1. True
  2. False

The role of an “ident” officer is:

  1. To patrol defined areas and respond to emergency calls of service
  2. To analyze and report on the evidence
  3. To identify, document, collect, and preserve physical evidence from a crime scene
  4. To conduct autopsies

Which of the following statements is correct?

  1. Proof beyond a reasonable doubt allows a reasonable person to be “sure” that the accused is guilty
  2. Proof beyond a reasonable doubt includes imaginary and frivolous doubt
  3. Proof on a balance of probabilities is a more stringent standard than proof beyond a reasonable doubt
  4. Proof on a balance of probabilities is the standard applied in criminal cases where the accused does not face incarceration

Results of forensic laboratory testing on evidence collected from a crime scene usually take less than a day.

  1. True
  2. False

Which of the following is an example of physical evidence?

  1. Affidavits
  2. Medical records
  3. A gun
  4. Oral testimony given by a witness in court

As an investigator, it is important to attend the crime scene. This allows the investigator to view the crime through the victim’s eyes of those of the accused.

  1. True
  2. False

A police officer can be convicted of obstruction of justice for failing to collect evidence about a fellow police office suspected of committing a criminal offence.

  1. True
  2. False

A crime scene will be released when:

  1. The coroner has determined the cause of death
  2. The accused has obtained a lawyer
  3. The search warrant authorizing the search of the crime scene has expired
  4. The lead investigator decides it is appropriate

The following statement is correct:

  1. A number recorder warrant allows a peace officer to install a monitoring device to monitor IP addresses on computers
  2. A production order does not authorize a peace officer to carry out any investigative activities
  3. A warrant to obtain bodily samples allows a peace officer to take a sample of a person’s blood for DNA or alcohol testing
  4. A warrant to search and seize allows a peace officer to search a person for weapons, prohibited devices, or ammunition

Which of the following is not a consideration when determining whether a search was reasonable?

  1. The individual was given reasonable notice of the search
  2. The authorizing law was reasonable
  3. The search was conducted reasonably
  4. The search was authorized by law

Regarding fingerprints, pores in the friction ridges secrete, vegetable oil, citric acids, and bath salts.

  1. True
  2. False

There is currently no valid basis requiring a predetermined number of ridge characteristics that must be present to establish a positive identification.

  1. True
  2. False

A woman has been beaten by her father with a shoe. When you attend the hospital where she is being treated, you note that amongst her injuries, is a imprint of a rearing horse on her left shoulder. When you investigate the father, you find that the shoes he is wearing have the image of a rearing horse cut into the heal of his shoes. This would be considered pattern evidence.

  1. True
  2. False

A “search” is any consensual examination by the state of something in which one has a reasonable expectation of privacy.

  1. True
  2. False

Even if the police conduct an unreasonable search that violates section 8 of the Charter, it is possible that the unlawfully obtained evidence may be admitted at trial.

  1. True
  2. False

Evidence is:

  1. Information or physical material relied upon in legal proceedings as facts-in-issue.
  2. Information or physical material relied upon in legal proceedings as facts-in-issue.
  3. Rulings and judgements provided by the presiding Attorney General.
  4. Thoughts and opinions expressed by those jurors reviewing legal proceedings.

Officers are called to a residence where the victim is believed to be suffering from a gunshot wound. Arriving at the scene, they are met with paramedics. The house is cleared by the officers and a victim is located in his bedroom. The paramedics attempt to revive the unresponsive victim suffering from gun shots. The officers assist with pulling the victim onto the floor so that the paramedics may perform cpr, stop the bleeding and attempt to stabilize the victim. While assisting the officers realize that they along with the paramedics have walked through the victim’s blood and have left footprints on the floor by the victim’s bed. Once the victim is enroute to the hospital, the officers should:

  1. Clean the floor using damp cloths – as it wasn’t evidence of the crime.
  2. Make note of the footprints, notify the investigator and forensics and then clean them up as they were not caused in the crime.
  3. Make note of the footprints and notify the investigators and forensics leaving the scene as it is. 
  4. Clean the floor using dry cloths – and seize the clothes in a paper bag. This ensures a pristine crime scene when forensics arrive.

A report to a justice is also sometimes referred to as a return.

  1. True
  2. False

The failure of a police officer to collect and preserve evidence in accordance with legal requirements could constitute:

  1. An improper use of discretion
  2. An obstruction of justice
  3. All of the above
  4. A breach of the accused’s Charter rights

Which of the following statements is incorrect?

  1. Seizure of bodily impressions requires judicial authorization pursuant to the Criminal Code
  2. Section 8 of the Charter protects only the biological core of personal information
  3. Searches conducted incident to arrest must always be conducted in a reasonable manner
  4. Searches conducted without prior judicial authorization are considered prima facie unreasonable

Fingerprints found on a hammer at a crime scene would be considered as direct evidence.

  1. True
  2. False

Conditional evidence is evidence that could disappear over time or through environmental circumstances.

  1. True
  2. False

Which of the following statements is incorrect regarding section 11(d) of the Charter, which guarantees the presumption of innocence and the right to a trial?

  1. Section 11(d) presumes all accused innocent until proven guilty
  2. Section 11(d) guarantees all accused the right to speak with a lawyer
  3. Section 11(d) guarantees that anyone charged with an offence has a right to a public hearing
  4. Section 11(d) requires that criminal trials be conducted before an independent and impartial tribunal

A “seizure” is any taking of something belonging to or in the care and control of a person by the state.

  1. True
  2. False

Documenting a crime scene involves all but which of the following?

  1. Creating police notes
  2. Digitally recording the crime scene
  3. Advising the media of the evidence collected
  4. Sketching the surroundings

A hearing held before the actual trial to determine issues such as whether there is enough evidence to proceed to trial is known as a:

  1. Preliminary hearing
  2. Charge to the jury
  3. Voir dire
  4. Trial

As investigating officers, when do we need to be concerned with investigating and collecting evidence?

  1. Never at dusk
  2. Only if it appears that some foul play was involved
  3. Always
  4. Never – We aren’t forensic officers or SOCO

 

The Chief coroner in any case they consider appropriate may request that another police force or the criminal investigation branch of the OPP provide assistance to a coroner in an investigation or inquest.

  1. True
  2. False

Obtaining permission from a judicial authority (a judge or a justice) before conducting a search and seizure is known as judicial pre-authorization.

  1. True
  2. False

A declaration against interest is a statement made by a declarant that is:

  1. In the best interest of family or friends of the accused
  2. In the complainant’s best interests
  3. Against his or her best interests
  4. In his or her best interests

I.A.F.I.S. stands for: the RCMP’s Invesgitative Action for Fingerprint Interpretation Sequencing.

  1. True
  2. False

Why must we remember and document our route through a crime scene?

  1. Both answers because we want to try and restrict scene contamination to as small an area as possible.
  2. So that you will restrict the contamination of the scene to the route you and others take through it.
  3. Neither answer as we want to keep our entry and exit different. By traveling the same scene in an out, we are doubling the contamination of that route.
  4. So that we can notify the forensic team and investigator so that they might follow the same route.

The informant of a search warrant application may offer conclusions, opinions, and facts in their information to obtain without providing the source of the information.

  1. True
  2. False

The media are among those commonly allowed access to a crime scene because of their mandate to provide the public with information.

  1. True
  2. False

One of the main exclusionary rules of evidence is:

  1. Hearsay
  2. The Charter
  3. The Canada Evidence Act
  4. An objection

 

What does the term ‘latent’, as in latent fingerprints mean?

  1. Visible and made in something like blood, grease, ink or dirt. 
  2. Invisible
  3. Colorful, usually green or orange
  4. Opaque

 

A person has a reasonable expectation of privacy in the contents of financial documents contained in a bag of garbage when it is inside their home.

  1. True
  2. False

A woman has been attacked in her home. On this warm rainy afternoon in March, you are dispatched to assist two units already off at the victim’s residence. When you arrive, you check on the officers talking with the victim. You are told that the assailant accessed the victim’s home through unknown means. Once you confirm that they are not in need of assistance, you have a look around the outside of the home. As you circle the residence, you observe a disturbance in some bushes near a rear facing window. Beside the window it an air-conditioning unit. Looking further, you see the pattern of a shoe in the remnants of snow by the window. There is also a partial dirt print n on the A/C unity. When you look, you also note that the rear window looks to have been forced open.

You inform the officers inside and contact the forensic unit with your department. You are told that they can’t get to your location for another hour. You take a picture of the prints and attend your cruiser for an ice scrapper and plastic emergency banket. You tent the emergency blanket over the prints, careful not to touch them.

Though you have disturbed other prints leading up to the window, you attempted to preserve the as much of the scene as possible recognizing the evidence due to the weather and warm temperatures could be:

  1. Persistent evidence
  2. Inconsistent evidence
  3. Conditional evidence
  4. Transient evidence

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