What are the implications of the gut-brain axis for mental health

What are the implications of the gut-brain axis for mental health and neurological disorders, and how can modulating gut microbiota contribute to treatment strategies? The bidirectional communication network between the gut and the brain, known as the gut-brain axis, plays a crucial role in regulating mood, cognition, and behavior through neural, hormonal, and immune pathways. Dysregulation of this axis has been implicated in various psychiatric and neurological disorders, including depression, anxiety, autism spectrum disorder, and Parkinson’s disease. Modulating gut microbiota composition and function via dietary interventions, probiotics, or fecal microbiota transplantation holds promise as a novel therapeutic approach for managing these conditions, highlighting the interconnectedness of the gut and brain in mental health.

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